Organic cotton is grown from non-genetically modified seeds and without the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilisers. By avoiding synthetic inputs, it means that farmers and the environment are being exposed to fewer harmful chemicals. Organic production systems also replenish and maintain soil fertility, enabling the farmers to grow complementary crops and rotate crops to keep the soil healthy. Third-party certification organisations verify that organic producers use only methods and materials allowed in organic production. This ensures that the cotton sourced meets strict environmental standards.
Fairtrade cotton supports the people at the beginning of the supply chain - the farmers who sow, grow and harvest the raw cotton. Fairtrade ensures that they earn a fair price for their cotton. The cost of Fairtrade is split into two parts: the Fairtrade Minimum Price and the Fairtrade Premium. The Minimum Price is set to ensure that farmers are being paid enough for their crop. It protects farmers against changes in the market and price fluctuations. Farmers are organised into certified cooperatives and the Fairtrade Premium is an additional amount of money on top of the price that these cooperatives can choose how to spend. Examples include schools for their children, better irrigation systems, better access to doctors and better-quality seeds. Through Fairtrade, thousands of cotton farmers have already improved their lives. Fairtrade Cotton Lines Include: F